Hardly another building has passed through as many different uses connected directly with the history of Berlin. The gasometer with its technically innovative dome was built in 1884, and supplied the gas lamps of Kreuzberg until 1937. That same year it was converted with metre-thick external walls into a bunker for mothers and children. Throughout the war it provided a place of refuge from the bombing raids.
After 1945 it served as accommodation for those in need. Successive uses as housing for prisoners, refugees, old people, and homeless people followed until 1963. After that the West Berlin government used the cool building as a warehouse for strategic reserves. Today it is possible to experience the history close up on guided tours.